eficácia do neurofeedback

resumo de alguns estudos revelantes

Estudos independentes que apontam o neurofeedback como eficaz, incluindo análise de follow up (após termino da terapia):


  1. 2018: an Doren, J., Arns, M., Heinrich, H., Vollebregt, M. A., Strehl, U., & Loo, S. K. (2018). Sustained effects of neurofeedback in ADHD: A systematic review and meta-analysis. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry. doi:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00787-018-1121-4 

  2. Steiner et al., 2014 - In-School Neurofeedback Training for ADHD: Sustained Improvements From a Randomized Control Trial;  "Students who received neurofeedback were reported to have fewer ADHD symptoms 6 months after the intervention."

  3. Arns, M., et al. (2009). Efficacy of neurofeedback treatment in ADHD: The effects on inattention, impulsivity and hyperactivity: A meta-analysis. "(...) in line with the AAPB and ISNR guidelines for rating clinical efficacy, we conclude that neurofeedback treatment for ADHD can be considered "Efficacious and Specific" (Level 5) with a large ES for inattention and impulsivity and a medium ES for hyperactivity."

  4. Gevensleben et al. 2009 "In conclusion, behavioural improvements induced by NF training in children with ADHD were maintained at a 6-month follow-up."


Análises independentes que indicam que o tratamento do défice de atenção medicamentoso não é superior ao neurofeedback:

  1. Duric et al., 2012,Neurofeedback for the treatment of children and adolescents with ADHD: a randomized and controlled clinical trial using parental reports  - "NF was as effective as methylphenidate at treating the attentional and hyperactivity symptoms of ADHD, based on parental reports."

  2.  Meisel et al., 2013,  Neurofeedback and standard pharmacological intervention in ADHD: a randomized controlled trial with six-month follow-up - "significant academic performance improvements were only detected in the Neurofeedback group. Our findings provide new evidence for the efficacy of Neurofeedback, and contribute to enlarge the range of non-pharmacological ADHD intervention choices. "


Guias AAPB (Association for Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback): Arns, Heinrich & Strehl (2016).


O sono e a dificuldades cognitivas:

  1. 2018, Sarah M Tashjian,Diane Goldenberg,Martin M Monti, Adriana Galván, Sleep quality and adolescent default mode network connectivity - Artigo relevante dado que a intervenção sobre o DMNC (default mode network connectivity) está subjacente ao treino neurofeedback do tipo Slow Cortical Potentials.

  2. 2014, Martijn Arns, Ilse Feddema and J. Leon Kenemans, Differential effects of theta/beta and SMR neurofeedback in ADHD on sleep onset latency - Impacto do neurofeedback do tipo SMR e T/B no sono /ADHD.

  3. 2011, Beebe D.W. (2011). Beebe D.W. . Cognitive, behavioral, and functional consequences of inadequate sleep in children and adolescents Cognitive, behavioral, and functional consequences of inadequate sleep in children and adolescents. - Dificuldades de atenção em crianças com duração do sono reduzida.

  4. 2010, Dean W. Beebe, Ph.D., Douglas Rose, M.D., and Raouf Amin, M.D., Attention, Learning, and Arousal of Experimentally Sleep-restricted Adolescents in a Simulated Classroom - "(...) chronic sleep restriction during adolescence can cause inattention, diminished learning, and lowered arousal in a simulated classroom."


Nota: Os links são externos, pelo que esperamos que se mantenham ativos  para consulta a longo prazo.